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The Different Types of Juicers

Last updated on February 2, 2006

One of the most important decisions regarding making a juicer purchase is knowing what is the best juicer for your lifestyle. One of the main questions you need to ask yourself before deciding on a juicer is how much time you can allocate to making juice. It is also important to know which juicers take the most effort and time to clean up. Lastly, which juicer is the most efficient in terms of extracting the most juice from your produce with the highest quality nutrients.

There is not one single juicing machine that does it all, therefore you will need to decide what are the most important features for your juicing needs. There are three main types of juicers: Centrifugal, Masticating and Triturating (twin gear). In the commercial juicing market, the most common juice machines used are juice presses. Companies that make store bought juice like Odwalla, Naked Juice and Evolution Juice use these types of machines.

Here are the main differences between the Centrifugal, Masticating and Triturating juicers:

The Triturating (twin gear) juicer, which turns at a slower rpm than most juicers, has a two step process. The first step crushes the fruits and vegetables, while the second step presses the juice. This process gives you more fiber, enzymes, vitamins and trace minerals. Some of these juicers also have magnetic and bio-ceramic technology that slows down the oxidation process, which is good if you want to store your juice to drink later. These juicers are excellent for juicing leafy greens, wheatgrass, sprouts, root vegetables like beets and carrots and most water dense (non-pulpy) fruits. Juicing time is longer with twin gear juicers due to the slower juicing process which gives you a higher quality juice. If time is a consideration, this may not be the best juicer.

Many people buy a twin gear machine and realize later they take too much time to juice with and clean up. However, if you are dealing with a health challenge like cancer, it is important to drink the highest quality juice. So, the extra time spent juicing with a twin gear juicer might be advisable. Twin gear juicers will also homogenize making baby foods, sauces, nut butters, banana ice creams and fruit sorbets. My pick in this category is the Green Star Juicer. The two best models in this line are the Green Star GS-1000 and the Green Star GS-3000. The 1000 is the best juicer if you’re going to use it for juicing alone. The 3000 has an optional pasta attachment for making fresh pasta.

The Centrifugal juicer first grinds the fruit and vegetables then pushes the extracted juice through a strainer by spinning at a very high rpm (similar to your washing machine on the spin cycle). The pulp from the produce is disposed of out the back of the juicer into a container in pulp ejecting versions. The centrifugal juicer is usually the fastest juicers to juice with if time is a consideration. Although more oxidation occurs with this type of juicer, the quality is still good if you drink the juice right away. With the centrifugal juicer, less juice is usually extracted from the produce and the pulp tends to be fairly moist with moderate juice waste. Most juicers sold on the market are centrifugal. Centrifugal juicers do an okay job with greens but will not juice wheatgrass. My pick for the best juicer in this category is the Breville 800JEXL Juice Fountain Elite.

The Masticating juicer uses a single gear. It chews the fibers and breaks up the cells of produce in a spiral rotating motion. The masticating juicer gives a high quality juice due to the slower juicing process. Like the twin gear juicers, the masticating juicers will homogenize making baby foods, sauces, nut butters, banana ice creams and fruit sorbets. Some will also make wheatgrass juice. My pick in this category is the Omega 8005 Juicer.

I have used all the types of juicers mentioned and my personal favorite at this time is the Breville Juice Fountain Elite. This centrifugal juicer, although not the most efficient at extracting the most juice from the produce, is the easiest to operate and clean. It has the fastest juicing and clean up time of any juicer I have used. The stainless steel construction is great and makes it extremely easy to keep clean over time. The juice quality is good if you drink it right away. It produces less foam than most centrifugal juicers. In a future post I will go into the pros and cons of specific juicers and write more about my top picks.

Ready to buy a juicer? Here’s a link to all of the juicers for sale on Amazon.

I welcome other juicing aficionados to post their experiences with the various types of juicers and if you have any good juicing recipes, please share!

All this juicy writing has made me quite thirsty. Time to JUICE!

Until next time, Happy Juicing.

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3 Comments on "The Different Types of Juicers"

7 years 6 months ago

My twingear juicer is just awesome. It’s called the Hippocrates Greenpower Juicer. My friend just gave it to me a few months ago and I’m so into making juices now.

9 years 10 months ago

It is a mistake to tell someone with cancer to get a twin gear machine unless they are feeling pretty good at present. I have owned and used many juicers and the twin-gear green magic juicer that I paid $800 for was the hardest of all to use and clean and cracked apart. If someone has cancer they might not have the strength and resiliency to use that machine (it does take strength to push the produce down through it) or the energy to go through the acrobatics it takes to clean the thing. I never felt like I could get it completely cleaned and wondered about bacteria. I ended up giving mine away because it just wasn’t worth keeping the monster – they are also very big and heavy. Perfection of the juice is less important than being able to get juice made and drank in a way that makes it easy enough to want to do it again. If the juice is drank right away, there really isn’t enough difference in the nutrition to warrant that kind of trouble and expense. Also, the twin-blades aren’t very good at juicing fruits. Why not take all that money and get an Omega 8003 for greens, wheatgrass, nutbutters etc which is still easy to clean and a centrifugal like the Breville for all the other juicing? That’s what I would do today if I didn’t already have my line-up of juicers. I have a an acme centrifugal for orange juice (that I plan on trading in for a pull down manual juicer because the acme is messy), a wheatgrass juicer (rarely used, I’d rather just chew on the leaves of grass and spit them out), a champion that I make all my live-food delicacies in (much better than the twin-gear), a food processor (indepspensable) and then last but not least, the appliance that I use the most of all – my beloved Vitamix Blender – which is better than any juicer. I use it every day. I keep all that great fiber and drink it. I am now about to buy a Breville Juice Fountain for my pure juicing needs. (The vitamix isn’t going to make smooth carrot juice which I like sometimes). The Champion doesn’t cut it for the fruits and the Omega Centrifugal keeps the pulp inside, gets unbalanced, is a pain to keep opening and cleaning out and is messy and not easy enough to clean. The Breville should make the set complete. In summary, two juicers are better than one – even for people with health concerns.

Raven Rice
10 years 9 months ago

I have owned a Champion (masticating) Juicer for 10 years. It is by far the best. However, this year when the motor quit, I was in the market for a new one. Instead of immediately going out and getting another Champion, I decided to try a few “prettier” juicers on the market. The Champion is heavy(although now I think that’s good) and takes up a lot of horizontal counter space.

Needless to say, most of the juicers out there have spinning baskets where you lose a lot of the juice. In many of the brands I tested, the pulp was is some cases dripping wet. After testing 4 different models, I gladly came back to the Champion. Besides, at least I know it will stand up to 10 years of daily juicing before quitting. I don’t know many companies that can make that claim