The Different Types of Juicers
Last updated on February 2, 2006
One of the most important decisions regarding making a juicer purchase is knowing what is the best juicer for your lifestyle. One of the main questions you need to ask yourself before deciding on a juicer is how much time you can allocate to making juice. It is also important to know which juicers take the most effort and time to clean up. Lastly, which juicer is the most efficient in terms of extracting the most juice from your produce with the highest quality nutrients.
There is not one single juicing machine that does it all, therefore you will need to decide what are the most important features for your juicing needs. There are three main types of juicers: Centrifugal, Masticating and Triturating (twin gear). In the commercial juicing market, the most common juice machines used are juice presses. Companies that make store bought juice like Odwalla, Naked Juice and Evolution Juice use these types of machines.
Here are the main differences between the Centrifugal, Masticating and Triturating juicers:
The Triturating (twin gear) juicer, which turns at a slower rpm than most juicers, has a two step process. The first step crushes the fruits and vegetables, while the second step presses the juice. This process gives you more fiber, enzymes, vitamins and trace minerals. Some of these juicers also have magnetic and bio-ceramic technology that slows down the oxidation process, which is good if you want to store your juice to drink later. These juicers are excellent for juicing leafy greens, wheatgrass, sprouts, root vegetables like beets and carrots and most water dense (non-pulpy) fruits. Juicing time is longer with twin gear juicers due to the slower juicing process which gives you a higher quality juice. If time is a consideration, this may not be the best juicer.
Many people buy a twin gear machine and realize later they take too much time to juice with and clean up. However, if you are dealing with a health challenge like cancer, it is important to drink the highest quality juice. So, the extra time spent juicing with a twin gear juicer might be advisable. Twin gear juicers will also homogenize making baby foods, sauces, nut butters, banana ice creams and fruit sorbets. My pick in this category is the Green Star Juicer. The two best models in this line are the Green Star GS-1000 and the Green Star GS-3000. The 1000 is the best juicer if you’re going to use it for juicing alone. The 3000 has an optional pasta attachment for making fresh pasta.
The Centrifugal juicer first grinds the fruit and vegetables then pushes the extracted juice through a strainer by spinning at a very high rpm (similar to your washing machine on the spin cycle). The pulp from the produce is disposed of out the back of the juicer into a container in pulp ejecting versions. The centrifugal juicer is usually the fastest juicers to juice with if time is a consideration. Although more oxidation occurs with this type of juicer, the quality is still good if you drink the juice right away. With the centrifugal juicer, less juice is usually extracted from the produce and the pulp tends to be fairly moist with moderate juice waste. Most juicers sold on the market are centrifugal. Centrifugal juicers do an okay job with greens but will not juice wheatgrass. My pick for the best juicer in this category is the Breville 800JEXL Juice Fountain Elite.
The Masticating juicer uses a single gear. It chews the fibers and breaks up the cells of produce in a spiral rotating motion. The masticating juicer gives a high quality juice due to the slower juicing process. Like the twin gear juicers, the masticating juicers will homogenize making baby foods, sauces, nut butters, banana ice creams and fruit sorbets. Some will also make wheatgrass juice. My pick in this category is the Omega 8005 Juicer.
I have used all the types of juicers mentioned and my personal favorite at this time is the Breville Juice Fountain Elite. This centrifugal juicer, although not the most efficient at extracting the most juice from the produce, is the easiest to operate and clean. It has the fastest juicing and clean up time of any juicer I have used. The stainless steel construction is great and makes it extremely easy to keep clean over time. The juice quality is good if you drink it right away. It produces less foam than most centrifugal juicers. In a future post I will go into the pros and cons of specific juicers and write more about my top picks.
Ready to buy a juicer? Here’s a link to all of the juicers for sale on Amazon.
I welcome other juicing aficionados to post their experiences with the various types of juicers and if you have any good juicing recipes, please share!
All this juicy writing has made me quite thirsty. Time to JUICE!
Until next time, Happy Juicing.