The thyroid gland is located in the lower front part of the neck and weighs less than an ounce. Thyroid disease is more common in women than in men, with the risk increasing as one gets older. Graves Disease is the most common type of hyperthyroidism.
Iodine is essential for thyroid function. For this reason, people with underactive thyroid glands are often told to eat salmon and other foods with high iodine levels such as trout and seaweed. On the other end of the spectrum, too much iodine can damage the thyroid, so those with an overactive thyroid gland should watch their iodine intake carefully.
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